Securing Safe Investments with Gilts
Gilts are considered one of the safest investment options because the British government fully backs them. Think of a gilt as an IOU from the Treasury. Investors receive regular interest payments in return for lending money to the UK government. Most gilts offer a fixed cash payment (or a coupon) every six months until maturity when the final coupon payment is made along with the return on the original investment.
Trading and maturity of gilts
Investors have two options: hold onto the gilts until maturity or sell them on the secondary market, much like company shares. Short-term gilts mature between one to five years, medium-term gilts have a lifespan of five to fifteen years, while long-term gilts exceed 15 years, some even extending up to 50 years. Generally, gilts with longer lifespans command higher interest rates than those maturing soon.
Understanding gilt yields
The annual return an investor gets for holding a gilt over the next 12 months is known as the yield. It’s calculated by dividing the annual coupon payments by the current market price. Various factors influence gilt yields, including the outlook for interest rates, inflation, and market demand for gilts. Interestingly, bond prices and yields move in opposite directions.
The rise of gilt yields
Since the pandemic, interest rates have skyrocketed as the Bank of England tries to control inflation. Interest rate changes significantly impact bond prices, especially when they are forecasted to keep increasing. As interest rates increase, bond prices generally fall, and vice versa. This inverse relationship is due to new bonds issued at higher interest rates offering higher coupon rates and yields than older bonds issued at lower rates.
The tax benefits of gilts
While Income Tax applies to the interest earned from gilts, they are entirely exempt from Capital Gains Tax (CGT). This means there’s no CGT to pay on any profits from selling a gilt or when it matures. This exemption is especially beneficial for higher-rate taxpayers who’d otherwise have to pay a 20% CGT. Moreover, there’s no tax on gilts held in a tax-efficient wrapper like an Individual Savings Account (ISA) or a Self-Invested Personal Pension (SIPP).
Protecting capital with inflation-linked gilts
For investors concerned about inflation, inflation-linked gilts offer a reliable way to protect their capital if held to maturity. The principal and interest are tied to inflation, ensuring investors receive a return that keeps pace with the cost of living.
Gilts and portfolio diversification
Gilts provide a safer alternative during uncertain times, and their low correlation with stock markets makes them an alternative diversifier. By including gilts in a diversified portfolio, investors can mitigate risk and balance their exposure to different asset classes. Remember, gilts with longer maturities are more susceptible to interest rate fluctuations than those with shorter maturities, so investing across a range of gilts can help spread the risk.
THIS ARTICLE DOES NOT CONSTITUTE TAX OR LEGAL ADVICE AND SHOULD NOT BE RELIED UPON AS SUCH. TAX TREATMENT DEPENDS ON THE INDIVIDUAL CIRCUMSTANCES OF EACH CLIENT AND MAY BE SUBJECT TO CHANGE IN THE FUTURE. FOR GUIDANCE, SEEK PROFESSIONAL ADVICE.
THE VALUE OF YOUR INVESTMENTS (AND ANY INCOME FROM THEM) CAN GO DOWN AS WELL AS UP, WHICH WOULD HAVE AN IMPACT ON THE LEVEL OF PENSION BENEFITS AVAILABLE.
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